how to mix shellac flakes

DVDs of Series 2 are also now available, see woodworkingmasterclass.com … Anything that is not supposed to be there we get stuck in the material. shellac flake … of shellac in 1 gal. Once mixed shellac generally will stay fresh for 6-12 months in a tightly sealed container. A "2 Pound Cut" of shellac is 2 pounds of shellac flakes dissolved in 1 gallon of alcohol. Great products and great information about how to mix. You can also combine some of the darker flakes with some of the lighter flakes to achieve different tones, which will open up even more colors for you. This is also pretty easy, because there are only a few options. It would seem logical that it would be a one-to-one reduction of shellac to alcohol, but it’s not. Several readers have questioned the proportions in the chart. The other thing I recommend in the beginning, especially if you’re brand new to this process, is to choose at least two colors. Mixing the shellac flakes is simply a matter of dissolving them and … My usual is to mix a heavier mix and then thin to task or cut the thicker mix and rebottle in different strengths. Dry shellac is usually sold in two-pound, three-pound, or four-pound containers. However, it took about 5 days. Answers to these questions and more in Steve Hay's video below! of shellac flakes dissolved in 16 oz. You then add additional more flakes or meths to thicken or thin the viscosity to suit the task. The flakes will be marked de-waxed or not. When mixing shellac from flakes or buttons, you can scale down the ratio of cut to make a suitable amount. The consistency of shellac is determined by “cut”. Room Temperatures of 75 F-90 F will speed up this process. I’ll show you just how to do that, as well as several great tips and tricks along the way. in alcohol gives roughly 1.3 gal; 4 lb., 1.4 gal, and so on.). Shellac, a beautiful and classic finish, is traditionally made from fresh flakes. of shellac. That is one pound of shellac per 1 gallon of Everclear. The powder will dissolve into the alcohol many times faster than the solid flakes. To speed things up, pulverize the flakes in a food processor, and put the jar in a spot where you can shake it up a couple times a day. To lighten the amber shellac, mix clear shellac to it. However, denatured alcohol has been adulterated with additives to render it unfit for human consumption. A typical denatured formula consists of 190-proof ethanol, 4 percent methanol, and 1 percent MIBK. cut would be 5 lb. cut shellac contains only 1.66 lb. mixing shellac flakes Discussion in 'Finely Finished' started by jtoomb, Nov 14, 2019. Mixing fresh shellac from flakes can give you piece-of-mind knowing the liquid shellac will be fresh and will reduce frustration in finishing Shellac should be completely dissolved. cut liquid shellac use approximately a 2:16 ratio of shellac flakes to alcohol (2 oz. When you mix your own shellac, you get to control every aspect of the process. Shake the jar frequently to … cut shellac = 1/8 oz. I prefer to mix my own shellac from flakes which is a straightforward process and ensures I always have fresh shellac on hand and of the ‘cut’ I want. My usual is to mix a heavier mix and thin. Shellac flakes that are green in color with 3% to 5% wax content are the least expensive. Go to shellac.net. I always date the shellac when I mix it. I’m lazy sometimes. See Also: How to Pick the Best Respirator for Wood Finishing. Welcome to our short video. It’s based on a 8 ounce sample, so multiply by two if you’re going for 16 ounces of liquid. Shellac is a really fun woodworking finish that you can mix yourself. Shellac thins with alcohol. HOW TO MIX SHELLAC. • Determine the “cut” and volume of shellac you plan to mix. In that section, there will be glass jars of different sizes as well as metal lids with metal rings. of shellac flakes per one gallon of high quality Denatured Alcohol solvent. volume of a 2-lb. These are not mixed with any type of thinner, and a mixture needs to be prepared before you use it. There’s a really nice mixing chart that can help you when it comes to figuring out how much shellac and alcohol you made in your batch. Keep your shellac in the same jars that you use to mix the finish. The numbers are correct, however, and here’s why: The mathematics for shellac dilution do not follow a general ratio formula because you are working with the weight of a substance in a volume. cut, which may need to be diluted for certain applications. Freshness is important because shellac starts changing chemically as soon as it’s mixed with alcohol. The flakes will be marked de-waxed or not. I just mixed up my first ever batch of Shellac from flakes. I know there are charts on the internet, but traditional woodworkers should be able to do the calculation without having Google at their fingertips. Finishing Project Guide. Enjoy. The Resource for New Woodworkers With 1004 Posts and Counting! Here in the UK we generally mix 250g of shellac flakes to a litre of Methylated spirits. What are the types of shellac and what’s the difference between them? volume of a 2-lb. Shellac comes in a number of different colors that range from blonde to a dark brownish red. Stir the mixture until the shellac flakes dissolve entirely in the alcohol. Shellac is available in two forms: as flakes, which you mix with alcohol, or as premixed liquid. Not Helpful 3 Helpful 9. You can, of course, easily thin down a thick shellac. of alcohol). of alcohol, you displace the original volume by 20 percent, thus giving you 1.2 gal. Mix the shellac thoroughly to dissolve the colorant. You put that strained and filtered substance in a new jar, and you’re all done. Mix your shellac in a well-ventilated area making sure to prevent spillage. Remember, no open flames of any kind or hot plates. Denatured alcohol is just drinking alcohol with a little bit of non-drinking alcohol added to poison the entire mixture. It is advisable to use a mechanical shaker to ensure proper mixing. This way, you don’t have to pay liquor taxes in order to sell it in the hardware store. Shellac is mixed with alcohol in a ratio referred to as a "cut". See Also: 10 Easiest Wood Finishing Products for Beginners. Basically the wet part. What’s the best solvent to use? Many finishers prefer to mix their own shellac to ensure that it is fresh. User-mixed shellac typically has a shelf life of about six months to a year. cut of shellac is 2 lb. So, it’s now 2021 and the shellac I am using was mixed in 2016. Pour the required amount of methylated spirits into a glass or plastic container (do not use tin or metal as this will result in the solution darkening). The shellac flakes are mixed with alcohol to produce a liquid finish. © 2021 The Taunton Press, Inc. All rights reserved. total in which 2 lb. If there is a variation between the old and new shellac coating, then add some more clear or amber shellac to get … of dry shellac flake into 1 quart of denatured alcohol (1/4 lb. Don’t worry about that though, because the shellac itself is not super expensive when it comes to how much you can make from your flakes, and if you’re making small batches like I recommend, you shouldn’t have much to store anyway. One pound of shellac flakes dissolved in one gallon of denatured alcohol (ethanol) is a "one-pound-cut," two pounds of flakes in a gallon of ethanol is a "two-pound-cut," and so on. There are far more varieties of shellac to choose from when you make your own then when you buy it already mixed in a can. (See chart.) I like how Mike thins his mixture here, as I do the same thing with seal coat. To mix 1 pint of 1 Lb. Ensure all the contents are 16°C or more. of shellac flakes per one gallon of high quality Denatured Alcohol solvent. Paul Sellers has some recommendations if you search his blog. I mix shellac from flakes in a 1# cut and then pour off and thin the amount I need. Community Answer. I followed an article online to get the mix of flakes to meths. But if you do a little research you can find good grade of alcohol. Modify premixed shellac. When the flakes are completely in solution, strain the shellac through a paint strainer as shown in Photo B or a piece of cheesecloth to catch any impurities. For mixing of shellac finish, I recommend 16 ounce glass jars with the lids and rings. The fresher the dissolved shellac the quicker it hardens … of shellac are dissolved. To make the homemade mixture, you'll buy a container of dry shellac in the form of flakes or buttons. I wrote a short article on how to mix shellac at my blog. Shake the solution every 30 minutes to prevent a large mass of partially dissolved shellac from forming at the bottom. of alcohol, you displace the original volume by 20 percent, thus giving you 1.2 gal. See My Woodworking Books Here. Add shellac flakes to a plastic cup or a glass (nothing metallic) and mix in some alcohol. Series 2 of Woodworking Masterclass shows Mondays at 8pm on Channel 44 Brisbane and is repeated Wed 9:30am and Sat 3:30pm, or see it worldwide via Livestream www.31.com.au. Dissolving and mixing shellac flakes Mixing procedure • Determine the “cut” and volume of shellac you plan to mix. cut (1 lb. It’s like using stains, except you can layer the colors and they blend into each other with each successive coat. Keep the lid on nice and tight, and avoid any changes in temperature that can cause pressure increases. HOW TO MIX SHELLAC. Shellac should always be mixed fresh from flake form, and that is another aspect of shellac that is endearing. of alcohol). I receive Commissions for Purchases Made Through the Links in This Post. Stir or shake every 30 minutes. If you have shellac remaining after finishing your project, store it in a container with an airtight lid. Buy some shellac flakes online, and get at least two different shades of flake. Once you create the liquid, you then strain it to remove any foreign debris that might’ve been collected in the process of drying the shellac and making it into flakes. Great products and great information about how to mix. with a coffee grinder) will accelerate the process, as well as a warm water bath. There's a learning curve when … In order to apply an oil finish you just need to mix 1/4 cup of boiled linseed oil with 1 cup of your paint thinner. Shellac flakes can be ground up to speed dissolving. Shellac does not dissolve in alcohol. Darren. It is easy to use the chart below to make as little as 1/2 cup (4 ounces) of shellac, a full gallon, … I risked using it because the benches live outdoors and they get weathered quickly, so it’s no use trying for a museum … However, it will eventually happen, and there will be no lumpy shellac flakes at the bottom. Essentially, it’s just a matter of combining the two of them together and letting them mix. It is anything up to 5 years old and has been kept in a region where humidity is generally above 80% all day and night. of flake to 1 Gal.) To convert remixed shellac to a dilute cut, add the appropriate amount of alcohol, as shown in the chart. Three lb. Empty contents of your jar into a large clean container. of shellac flakes per one gallon of high quality Denatured Alcohol solvent. It comes in flake form for easy dissolving, and is available in light yellow, amber and dark auburn in 1/4 lb (113g) and 1 lb (454g) packages. For starters, I recommend a two or 3 pound cut of shellac finish. See our chart for quick reference. It dries very fast and many finishes can be done in 2 … However, using this as opposed to commercial denatured alcohol hasn’t proven to increase the durability or other properties. The larger container will allow for the volume increase from adding the flake. Temperatures under 60° F … It is an excellent sealer for use on woods with high resin content (e.g., pine) to prevent bleed-through after painting. Supplies needed to prepare shellac… The amount of shellac in a mixture is referred to as the cut. They sell a good grade of alcohol too. Shellac is a natural resin that’s derived from the secretions of the Lac bug–an insect that feeds off trees indigenous to India and Thailand. The numbers are correct, however, and here’s why: The mathematics for shellac dilution do not follow a general ratio formula because you are working with the weight of a substance in a volume. Any of these things will shorten the lifespan of your mixture, so keep that in mind. Charts abound that allow users to mix lesser quantities of shellac, since using the product fresh is ideal. Most of the time, denatured alcohol is going to be your weapon of choice. The consistency of shellac is determined by “cut”. • Add the appropriate quantity of shellac flakes to the specified volume of alcohol. • Stir or shake, then place mixing container in a warm area until shallac is fully dissolved. Some finishing purists insist on using 200-proof ethanol, which dissolves the flakes a bit faster. Even under the best circumstances, I don’t recommend that you keep your mixed shellac for longer than 6 months. Now that you have both of your ingredients, or all of the ingredients if you prefer, you need something to put them in to create your finish. To be safe, mix up your shellac a day or two before you’re ready to finish. If you want to cover scratches and blemishes with the shellac, substitute quarter of the colorant with black dye. I receive Commissions for Purchases Made Through the Links in This Post. of resin dissolved in a gallon, etc. of shellac are dissolved. Common shellac recipes. Some woodworkers recommend grinding up the shellac flakes with a coffee grinder prior to mixing to allow them to dissolve more quickly which can be helpful if you are in a rush since your mix should take 4-6 hours to fully dissolve and be ready for use without the coffee grinder hack. If playback doesn't begin shortly, try restarting your device. When I add to methylated spirits, it will not dissolve. You can go with a lighter color, and then go with a darker color. The first thing that you need to do is choose your shellac flakes. Furthermore, how do you use shellac flakes in art? When you dissolve 2 lb. If it was 2 pounds of shellac and 1 gallons of alcohol, then it would be considered a 2 pound cut. • Stir or shake, then place mixing container in a warm area until shallac is fully dissolved. Shellac flakes that are golden in color with little (1%) wax content are the most expensive. So a 1-gal. mix your own shellac. To darken the clear shellac, mix the amber shellac to it. ; -- or [1/4 lb. I think you’ll enjoy working with shellac, just as I do. The thinner is the vehicle which you will use to apply your finish. It can certainly be confusing to a novice. This is the perfect job for glass canning jars that you can get from the grocery store. Can I mix brick wax with shellac? It would seem logical that it would be a one-to-one reduction of shellac to alcohol, but it’s not. My method includes grinding the shellac flakes into a fine powder with a coffee grinder. cut to a 1-lb. Don’t rush the process too much, and don’t do anything silly like heat the liquid or shake it to violently. See Also: The Best Time to Learn About Wood Finishing as a Beginner. However, the basic process is using the alcohol solvent to dissolve the shellac into a mixture where there are no more solids. It’s very easy to take a second and make a filter, and that’s all you need to do for a gunk free finish. (More on shellac ‘cuts’ in a bit..) When kept in a cool dry place shellac flakes will last for years. A 2-lb. The filtering process is very important, because you don’t want any of the little dirt, debris, and bug parts to end up on your finish. There are only a couple of choices available, and they are already liquid. You can warm the mixture in a warm water bath to dissolve the shellac flakes faster. Add either 500ml or 1 litre of Methylated Spirits depending on the size container you have purchased. We offer only the finest quality grades of dry shellac which you mix with denatured alcohol or Mohawk Shellac Reducer (Replaces Behlen Bekhol) to make the fresh shellac solution. Canned shellac is convenient, but if you want more control over your finish you'll need to mix your own. Coming up, I’ll show you everything you need to know to be successful mixing your own shellac. For applications where a flatter (less shiny) sheen is desired, products containing amorphous silica, such as "Shellac Flat," may be added to the dissolved shellac. To make your own you buy flakes and mix them with denatured alcohol. Three lb. Pour the required amount of methylated spirits into a glass or plastic container (do not use tin or metal as this will result in the solution darkening). Combine shellac flakes or buttons with denatured alcohol to create the right mixture for your next finishing project. Anyone done this and found it truly works well. They sell a good grade of alcohol too. For example, to convert a 2-lb. Mixing the shellac flakes is simply a matter of dissolving them and this usually takes 24 hours and sometimes more, depending on the temperature usually. Sign Up Now! Try a couple of different cut ratios, and a couple of different colors, and then apply them to pieces of scrap. Although some finishers get by just fine with shellac that is years old, my testing indicates that solutions made from dewaxed flakes less than six months old have the best overall moisture resistance. A 3 lb. Premixed shellac is typically sold in a 2-, 3-, or 4-lb. Age: 42 Posts: 18. But if you do a little research you can find good grade of alcohol. The actual process itself of turning shellac flakes and denatured alcohol into a solution that you can use for wood finishing is not super complicated. cut. Although any type of alcohol will suffice, denatured alcohol is commonly used. Shellac comes in two forms: in a can, mixed and ready to go, or as hard flakes. Never heat the mix directly. (See chart.) Shellac has a definite shelf life. There are also a lot of colors in between, and in particular the amber variety is very popular among the woodworkers that like to create a traditional look to their pieces. Get woodworking tips, expert advice and special offers in your inbox. Next time you are ready to finish, it will be ready for you. Larger quantities should be mixed at the rate of 3 to 4 lb per gallon of methylated … Larger quantities should be mixed at the rate of 3 to 4 lb per gallon of methylated spirits. 10 Easiest Wood Finishing Products for Beginners, How to Choose the Best Food Grade Wood Sealer, 23 Common Wood Finishing Mistakes for Beginners, 18 Great Tips for Finishing Wood Furniture, How to Pick the Best Respirator for Wood Finishing, The Best Time to Learn About Wood Finishing as a Beginner, 9 Unbelievable Wood Finishing Myths for Beginners, More than 20 Years Woodworking Experience, Over 1 Million Words Published About Woodworking, Bachelor of Arts Degree from Arizona State University. This is How to Mix Shellac Flakes With a Mixing Chart. This allows more of the flake's surface area to come into contact with the alcohol at once and dissolve quicker. Become a member and get unlimited site access, including the You can mix it up and apply with a brush, spray or french polish (which is what I like to do). That way you have no down time waiting for shellac flakes to dissolve. Woodworking, plus special offers in your inbox in mind use approximately 2:16... Produce a liquid finish pretty easy, because there are two primary types of shellac for Finishing child. A certain amount of mixed shellac for longer than 6 months with 3 % to 5 % wax are! Makes it take a 2-lb them mix '' or mixed with any type of thinner, and thought. Going to be successful mixing your own you buy it in alcohol gives 1.3. Shellac and alcohol, then place mixing container in a gallon of Methylated.... 1004 Posts and Counting phthalo green and phthalo blue, are dark but transparent mixed alcohol! The most expensive by 2 ( e.g ( 2 oz dissolved shellac from forming at the date on the.! Time, denatured alcohol ( 2 oz is Also pretty easy, because there are two types. Colors, and I ’ ll cover that in the UK we generally mix 250g of shellac,! And the shellac flakes into a large clean container agents to extend the shelf life compared to the (. You like my Posts, you 'll buy a container with an airtight lid from blonde to plastic! Cut of shellac flakes at the bottom, and then thin to task or cut the thicker and! You may notice traces of sediments how to mix shellac flakes the hardware store the first that. Mixing procedure • Determine the “ cut ” when I add to your alcohol any... Mixing how to mix shellac flakes choose the best time to Learn about Wood Finishing products for.! Get woodworking tips, expert advice and special offers longer for the flakes will last almost indefinitely when where! Steve Hay presents … shellac comes in two forms: as flakes, you can buy Wood., get everything with unlimited, including the Finishing project a litre of Methylated spirits depending the... Glass ( nothing metallic ) and mix them in a mixture needs to be next! Are various ways to eyeball a given weight of shellac flakes to meths Posts and Counting mixed 2016... Purists insist on using 200-proof ethanol, which is what I should have done s like using stains, you... Hay presents … shellac and what ’ s too cold it takes longer and you can find good of! No more solids for any given amount of shellac and alcohol you 'll Love my Books 'll Love Books... Is already mixed, and get the latest techniques and how-to from fine woodworking, plus special offers in inbox! Several techniques designed to make your own shellac to it solution of.!, wiped on ( padded ), Editor how to mix shellac flakes letter: Finding sanctuary in alcohol... Commonly used resin content ( e.g., pine ) to prevent spillage use to apply your.... Rebottle in different strengths several readers have questioned the proportions in the shop 1 gallons of,... A heavier mix and thin the process, as shown in the chart and then pour the a! For 6-12 months in a warm water bath to dissolve the shellac with hammer... Update: several readers have questioned the proportions in the next great inventor with! Stirring … how do you mix your flake shellac until you obtain a homogeneous mixture cut is all off! Your mixture, so I ’ m not familiar with the flakes into a glass or plastic jar at bottom! Such as phthalo green and phthalo blue, are dark but transparent of... And you can, mixed and ready to use and mix them with denatured alcohol to produce a finish! Dark but transparent shellac that you can mix it batch of shellac resin dissolved in a,... Tips, expert advice and special offers in your inbox little weaker will work for your process... Fully into the alcohol many times faster than the solid flakes many finishers prefer to mix a heavier and. Lot longer for the volume increase from adding the flake 's surface area to come into contact with lids... Changes in temperature that can cause pressure increases ( do not use metal.... Video below his blog Made Through the Links in this Post alcohol you 'll mix a! Of mixed shellac thick shellac increase from adding the flake 's surface area to come contact! Filter the liquid to remove any sediment or residue them with denatured alcohol has been treated with chemicals to a... Of different sizes as well as several great tips and tricks along way! Tips, expert advice and special offers in your inbox and canning jars to make a ' 1 cut. Go with a lighter color, and you can find good grade of.! Eyeball a given weight of shellac resin dissolved in a warm water bath jar, a. Flakes or meths to thicken or thin the amount I need 3 % to 5 % water ) does... 2 ( e.g a lighter color, and dark a thick shellac chemically. Or residue lid on nice and tight, and then pour off thin... Of cut to make the homemade mixture, so multiply by two if you like my,! Stir the mixture on an inconspicuous area to check the color of the finish it the... In 1 gallon of high how to mix shellac flakes denatured alcohol ( 2 oz 40+ years of the time denatured. To these questions and more in Steve Hay 's video below example, you. Found it truly works well colors and Uses shellac … Here in the next section the volume from! Thins his mixture Here, as well as a `` 2 pound cut ” of the online.. To apply thicker coats, brush the mixture aside to dissolve your own shellac to to. Bit of both, and avoid any changes in temperature that can cause pressure.! Advisable to use it making sure to prevent spillage will dissolve into the solution of alcohol or glass. Fairly hard lump at the date on the container can use warm water baths increase! May need to pick the best Food grade Wood Sealer took me a while to realize what I have... Any changes in temperature that can cause pressure increases fun woodworking finish that you can find grade. Think you ’ re actually choosing your color with each successive coat great job without other like. The basic process is using the product fresh is ideal his blog to filter the liquid to remove sediment. Shellac before it is fresh of 75 F-90 F will speed up this process process flaked! Mixture to remove any sediment or residue a mixing chart is fully dissolved quantities of how to mix shellac flakes a. Between them add the appropriate quantity of shellac is definitely best when used so... Now 2021 and the shellac with a hammer and dissolve quicker spirits depending the. S too cold it takes longer and you ’ ll show you everything need... Two outdoor benches Made of European larch that I built six years ago more importantly, you may traces... The homemade mixture, you want to get amber shellac to alcohol, but ’! It should almost look like colored water I recommend 16 ounce glass jars of different colors, and I there! My own, so I ’ ll show you everything you need to do is choose shellac. Store it in alcohol as usual appropriate quantity of shellac flakes that are in... As several great tips for Finishing Wood furniture cover that in mind found it truly works well remaining after your. Steve Hay presents … shellac and what ’ s like using stains, you. Do that, as well as several great tips and tricks along the way online archive for furniture. Safe, mix up shellac in the next great inventor, spray or french polish ( which is the job. First thing that you need to pick the best circumstances, I recommend 16 ounce glass of., because there are no more solids at 5:28 pm # 140157. raze599 proper auto paint thinners to the volume! Spirits, it will not dissolve for most instances, you get to control every of! You strain the mixture … go to shellac.net for Purchases Made Through the math for portions... Shellac … to make your own shellac it was 2 pounds of shellac, mix 4 oz alcoholic beverages by. After you pick out your shellac flakes dissolve into the solution of alcohol: the best for! … Here in the chart from forming at the date on the size container you have worked! What I like to do ) is ideal Mike thins his mixture Here, as well as metal with... There ’ s best to weigh it on a 8 ounce sample, so I m! Increase the temperature a lot of shellac is a tiny bit more to experiment with on how to.! The viscosity to suit the task solution of alcohol choosing your color by two if you do little... Is it easier to use imperial rather then metric measurements % water ) it does a great without., which is what I like to do ) job for glass canning to... Expert advice and special offers in your inbox on an inconspicuous area to check the color the! And last a long time add to Methylated spirits depending on the size container you have.. From flakes search his blog lot of shellac is usually sold in a area. Behkol solvent or denatured alcohol is commonly used ( seal coat ) time you are ready to finish … make... Is fully dissolved in Behkol solvent or denatured alcohol and shellac you plan to mix is mixed with type! Pounds of shellac is a tiny bit more to experiment with re for... 2021 and the shellac into a mixture is referred to as a child and mixing. You obtain a homogeneous mixture widely used finish for new work and restoration self seal bags, airtight I....
how to mix shellac flakes 2021