political commissar meaning

In time of war the political imperatives of the commissar might become subordinated to the professional needs of the field commander, but the concession was only temporary. Commissar synonyms. A political commissar was a high-ranking functionary at a military headquarters who held coequal rank and authority with the military commander of the unit. Define political commissars. Meaning of political commissar. in a military unit. revolutionary parties) opposed to the continuation of the system. commissar synonyms, commissar pronunciation, commissar translation, English dictionary definition of commissar. [7] Chiang Ching-kuo then arrested Sun Li-jen, charging him of conspiring with the American CIA of plotting to overthrow Chiang Kai-shek and the Kuomintang. Usually, the political commissar is a uniformed military officer, although this position has been used to give civilian party officials some experience with the military. Here's how you say it. We have almost 200 lists of words from topics as varied as types of butterflies, jackets, currencies, vegetables and knots! (4) There was a Nazi party commissar in every factory to make sure that the State's will was done. Also called: political commissar. 2. (4) There was a Nazi party commissar in every factory to make sure that the State's will was done. (6) The code officer served as secretary and the commissar as prosecutor. In the military, a political commissar or political officer (or politruk, from политический руководитель, "political leader"), is a supervisory officer responsible for the political education (ideology) and organization of the unit they are assigned to, and intended to ensure civilian control of … New Year’s Eve is traditionally when we fix our gaze firmly forward in hope, having cast a backward glance at the year just ended. (6) The code officer served as secretary and the commissar as prosecutor. Beginning in 1925, the politico-military doctrinal course towards edinonachalie (Russian: единоначалие, single command) was established, and the political commissar, as a military institution, was gradually abolished. The political commissar is often associated with the Soviet Union (1922–91), where the Cheka introduced them[dubious – discuss][citation needed] to the military forces to ensure the government’s political control. [5] When this proved less-than-effective, General Konev asked Stalin to subordinate the political officer to commanding officers: the commissars' work was refocused to morale-related functions. Commissar definition is - a Communist party official assigned to a military unit to teach party principles and policies and to ensure party loyalty. The introduction of edinonachalie was twofold, either the military commander joined the Communist Party and became his unit’s political officer, or a pompolit (Russian: помполит, assistant commander for political work) officer was commissioned sub-ordinate to him. political consensus the existence, within a POLITICAL SYSTEM, of broad agreement on the ‘rules of the political game’ (LIPSET, 1960), i.e. commissar (n.) in a Russian context, "representative appointed by a soviet and responsible for political indoctrination," 1918, from Russian komissar, from German Kommissar "commissioner," from French commissaire, ultimately from Medieval Latin commissarius (see commissary).Earlier in English it meant "commissary" (1640s), from the French word, which itself was used in English from 1753. Last 100 years The political commissar held military rank equaling that of the unit commander to whom he was attached; moreover, the commissar also had the military authority to countermand the unit commander’s orders when required. Enrich your vocabulary with the English Definition dictionary Worried about giving increased influence to officers with potential White movement sympathies, the commissars helped ensure that army units remained under Bolshevik control. The political supervision of the Russian military was effected by the political commissar, who was introduced to every unit and formation, from company- to division-level, including the navy. Looking for political commissar? These were almost invariably tasked to make sure the communist party of the respective country could count on the loyalty of the Army. Definition of commissar in the Legal Dictionary - by Free online English dictionary and encyclopedia. (4) There was a Nazi party commissar in every factory to make sure that the State's will was done. noun. What does political commissar mean? To gain permanent control over the entire military, they introduced the commissarship. Definition of political commissar in the AudioEnglish.org Dictionary. As the Bolsheviks came to power through the October Revolution 1917, and as the Russian Civil War began, Leon Trotsky who then gradually established the Red Army, imposed the formal political officers. PC abbreviation stands for Political Commissar. After the SRs were left behind, the forces loyal to them split off from the Red Army to create the Green armies, and guerrilla war soon erupted in the countryside along with civil war. Earlier, in 1924, the RVSs were renamed as Military Councils, such high-level political officers were known as ChVS (Chlen Voennogo Soveta, Member of the Military Council), they were abolished in 1934. Need to translate "political commissar" to Malayalam? Translation for 'political commissar' in the free English-Dutch dictionary and many other Dutch translations. From December 1943 until the defeat of Nazi Germany, the German armed forces created a network of political instructors to maintain National Socialist indoctrination of the Wehrmacht. In July 1941, consequent to the Red Army’s defeats at war’s start, the position of political commissar reappeared. political commissar synonyms, political commissar pronunciation, political commissar translation, English dictionary definition of political commissar. Why do we need to keep adding new words to the English language? 2. Example sentences containing political commissar Sun was placed under house arrest in 1955.[8][9]. WikiMatrix The XPCC itself, as well as each individual division, is headed by three leaders: a first political commissar , a political commissar , and a commander. Create an account and sign in to access this FREE content, The door had been tied shut with a length of nylon. political commissar - Dictionary definition and meaning for word political commissar. The political commissar is often associated with the Soviet Union (1922–91), where the Cheka introduced them [dubious – discuss] to the military forces to ensure the government’s political control. commissar - Meaning in Kurmanji, what is meaning of common in Kurmanji dictionary, audio pronunciation, ... (10) films that are passed by the political commissar (11) Again, people's commissars , like tsarist ministers, were heads of departments and belonged more to the bureaucracy than to politics. 2. In his village he formed a partisan company, and was its political commissar. commissar. In time of war the political imperatives of the commissar might become subordinated to the professional needs of the field commander, but the concession was only temporary. political commissar in a sentence - Use "political commissar" in a sentence 1. Commissar definition: an official of the Communist Party responsible for political education , esp in a... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples The Bolsheviks saw this as a matter of life and death during the ongoing civil war against the White movement. Opposed to this was Sun Li-jen, who was educated at the American Virginia Military Institute. (before 1946) the head of a government department. Today the political commissar is largely responsible for administrative tasks such as p… [citation needed] After the Bolsheviks eliminated all their rivals, they became the one and only political entity in the country, creating a one-party dictatorship. In the Red Army and the Soviet Army, the political commissar (Russian: комиссар, romanized: komissar) existed, by name, only during the 1918–24, 1937–40, and 1941–42 periods; not every Red Army political officer was a commissar. Meaning of political commissar with illustrations and photos. After the establishment of the Communist State in 1951, Liu was deputy political commissar, then political commissar and commander of the PLA Navy 6th Fleet. High Libido Meaning. Amaze your friends with your new-found knowledge! [6] The officers, called Nationalsozialistische Führungsoffiziere (NSFO; "National Socialist Leadership Officers"), drawn from convinced officers and approved by Martin Bormann, head of the Nazi Party Chancellery, to instill ideological conviction and reinforce combat morale through training lessons and teaching. The Left SRs and the Anarchists were among such hard-nosed competitors, who were popular among the lower ranks no less than bolsheviks, contesting them quite frequently. [2] As the Bolsheviks came to power through the October Revolution 1917, and as the Russian Civil War began, Leon Trotsky who then gradually established the Red Army, imposed the formal political officers. The political commissar is the supervisory political officer responsible for the political education and organization, and loyalty to the government of the military. Get the latest news and gain access to exclusive updates and offers, From filk to derp: discover the latest words added to the Collins Dictionary. The position of political commissar (Chinese: 政治委员, 政委) also exists in the People's Liberation Army of China. Below army level, the edinonachalie (single command) system was restored. These are reasonable questions, but the fact is that new words do keep entering the language. ‘There was a Nazi party commissar in every factory to make sure that the State's will was done.’ ‘Like the pope and the Soviet commissars of old, Greenspan appears to have discovered the political usefulness of posing as infallible.’ Usually, the political commissar is a uniformed military officer and Communist Party cadre, although this position has been used to give civilian party officials some experience with the military. Login Commissar definition, the head of any of the major governmental divisions of the U.S.S.R.: called minister since 1946. Pronunciation of political commissar and its etymology. Although there was a huge difference between the February Revolution and the October Revolution, their leaders both feared a counter-revolution, and both regarded the military officers as the most likely counter-revolutionary threat.[3][4]. Posted on June 11, 2020 June 11, 2020 by Tricia Webster. Define commissar. Commissar definition is - a Communist party official assigned to a military unit to teach party principles and policies and to ensure party loyalty. (5) In time of war the political imperatives of the commissar might become subordinated to the professional needs of the field commander, but the concession was only temporary. n. 1 ... political commissar an official of the Communist Party responsible for political education, esp in a military unit. The position of political commissar (Script error) also exists in the People's Liberation Army of China. When the Semizovac partisan unit was formed, Dugonji became its Political Commissar. All Free. The political commissar was head of a party cell within the military;[clarification needed][citation needed] however, military membership in the party has been restricted to the lower ranks since the 1980s. Proper usage and audio pronunciation (plus IPA phonetic transcription) of the word political commissar. Now called: minister. Another reason was the frequent appointment of ex-Tsarist officers to command positions. Again, in August 1940, the political commissars was abolished, yet the Military Councils continued throughout the German-Soviet War (1941–45), and afterwards. Political commissar. After World War II, other Eastern Bloc armies also used political officers patterned on the Soviet model. Also called: People's Commissar. commissar - WordReference English dictionary, questions, discussion and forums. Commissar is an English language transliteration of an official title used in the Soviet Union and Russia from the time of Peter the Great. Related words - political commissar synonyms, antonyms, hypernyms and hyponyms. Commisars shot thier own men in the backs when they tried to retreat. The political commissar was head of a party cellwithin the military; however, military membership in the party has been restricted to the lower ranks since the 1980s. A person responsible for political education and organization in a military unit in China. In time of war the political imperatives of the commissar might become subordinated to the professional needs of the field commander, but the concession was only temporary. Dutch Translation for political commissar - dict.cc English-Dutch Dictionary The heads of government … (ˈkɑːməˌsɑːr) An official of the Communist Party who was assigned to teach party principles to a military unit. The position of political commissar (Chinese: 政戰官) also exists in the Republic of China Army of the Republic of China (Taiwan). political commissar: an official of the Communist Party who was assigned to teach party principles to a military unit political commissar - definition and meaning Community Definition of political commissar in the Fine Dictionary. (in the Soviet Union until 1946) the official title of the head of a government department, or an official responsible for political education, especially in a military group SMART Vocabulary: related words … To illustrate why this happens, let’s look at a cross-section of the words that have been added to the Collins Dictionary this month. commissar - Meaning in Swahili, what is meaning of common in Swahili dictionary, audio pronunciation, ... (10) films that are passed by the political commissar (11) Again, people's commissars , like tsarist ministers, were heads of departments and belonged more to the bureaucracy than to politics. (Government, Politics & Diplomacy) Also called: political commissar an official of the Communist Party responsible for political education, esp in a military unit. The political workers were denominated "members of the RVS", not "commissars", despite being official political commissars. The Chinese government has already dismissed the two top navy officers, navy commander Shi Yunsheng and navy political commissar Yang Huaiqing, after the incident. A person's mentor is someone who gives them help and advice over a period of time, especially help and advice related to their job . Officer in charge of a military force's ideology, политрук, from политический руководитель, political leader, Richard Pipes, The Russian Revolution, Swedish, Isaac Deutscher,"Stalin",2nd edition, 1961, Swedish, Political Directorate of the Soviet Army and Soviet Navy, The Communist Party and the Red Army - On the military commissar, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Political_commissar&oldid=999247798, Occupations in the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Russian-language text, Articles with disputed statements from August 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2019, Articles containing Chinese-language text, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from May 2019, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, SS: SS-Brigadeführer und Generalmajor der Waffen-SS, This page was last edited on 9 January 2021, at 06:04. An early kind of political commissars arose already during the February Revolution 1917 as the Ispolkom issued the controversial Order no 1. ( ˈkɒmɪˌsɑː; ˌkɒmɪˈsɑː) (in the former Soviet Union) n. 1. Definition (noun) an official of the Communist Party who was assigned to teach party principles to a military unit Synonyms: commissar Connect with us on Facebook. COMMISSAR Meaning: "representative appointed by a soviet and responsible for political indoctrination," 1918, from Russian… See definitions of commissar. I don’t know about you, but I’m already salivating at the prospect of Christmas food. Meaning of commissar as a legal term. A commissar is a political officer whose position is equal to that of the commander of a given military unit and has the authority to countermand the orders of the commander.. Human Resources « POLICE INSPECTOR BLOG. The function first appeared as commissaire politique (political commissioner) or représentant en mission (representative on mission) in the French Revolutionary Army during the Revolution (1789–99). Download our English Dictionary apps - available for both iOS and Android. We hebben geen vertalingen voor political commissar in Engels > Nederlands Anders gespeld: political commitment 76.92% Anders gespeld: Political Committee 68.42% probeer het met Google Tips bij de vertalingen: Het woordenboek vertaalt geen zinnen, maar geeft wel voorbeelden van zinnen waarin het door u gevraagde woord voorkomt. Commissar synonyms and Commissar antonyms. Their ranks and insignia generally paralleled those of officers. Which, despite the negatives, saw a healthy increase in good-neighbourliness and kindness as demonstrated, for instance, by caremongering. In 1919, the title politruk (Russian: политрук, from политический руководитель, political leader) was assigned to political officers at company level. [1] It also existed, with interruptions, in the Soviet Red Army from 1918 to 1942, as well as in the armed forces of Nazi Germany from 1943 to 1945 as Nationalsozialistischer Führungsoffiziere (national-socialist leadership officers). Last 300 years. ‘There are no aging commissars clinging on to party rule.’ ‘In time of war the political imperatives of the commissar might become subordinated to the professional needs of the field commander, but the concession was only temporary.’ (5) In time of war the political imperatives of the commissar might become subordinated to the professional needs of the field commander, but the concession was only temporary. Political commissars were established to control the military forces by the Communist party. noun (in the former Soviet Union) 1. Can’t we just make do with the ones we have already? n (in the former Soviet Union) 1 (Also called) political commissar an official of the Communist Party responsible for political education, esp. 2 (Also called) Peoples Commissar (before 1946) the head of a government department, (Now called) minister. See more. All Years Though no longer known by the original "commissar" title, political officers were retained by all the Soviet Armed Forces, e.g., Army, Navy, Air Force, Strategic Missile Troops, et al, until the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991. The chief reason was because the newly created Red revolutionary military units were associated with different, often conflicting political parties, and there were so many leftist political parties and movements at that time, who despite differing doctrines supported the Bolsheviks seizure of power. Mnemonic Dictionary. Vertalingen van 'political commissar' in het gratis Engels-Nederlands woordenboek en vele andere Nederlandse vertalingen. The first pangs start early in December with the nostalgia rush I get upon spotting dinky net bags of mixed nuts for sale. Last 50 years [ ( kom-uh-sahr) ] In various communist systems of government, an official assigned to a group to ensure the group's conformity to Communist party doctrine. ‘Second, Russ names Army cowards while knowingly concealing the identity of cowardly enlisted and commissioned … View usage for: Despite being official political commissars, they were not addressed as "commissar". Literary usage of Political commissar. The function remains in use in China's People's Liberation Army. Bladeren milions woorden en zinnen in alle talen. In the periods of the Red Army's history when political officers were militarily subordinate to unit commanders, the position of political commissar did not exist. What is the abbreviation for Political Commissar? Define political commissar. They had no direct influence on combat decisions as had the political commissar in the Soviet Army. Historically, the commissaire politique first appeared in the French Revolution, guarding it against anti-Revolutionary thought and action, and so ensuring the Republican victory. This title was first used by the Russian SFSR (out of dislike for the tsarist and bourgeois term minister) and then copied among the many Soviet and Bolshevik-controlled states in the Russian Civil War. A People's Commissar (informally abbreviated narkom) was a government official serving in a Council of People's Commissars. For example, East Germany's Nationale Volksarmee used Politoffiziere as the unit commander's deputy responsible for political education. political commissar - an official of the Communist Party who was assigned to teach party principles to a military unit commissar functionary , official - a worker who holds or is invested with an office (6) The code officer served as secretary and the commissar as prosecutor. And best of all it's ad free, so sign up now and start using at home or in the classroom. The NSFO Chiefs of Staff of the Service Branches were: The position of political commissar (zhengwei, Chinese: 政治委员, 政委) also exists in the People's Liberation Army of China. In the military, a political commissar or political officer (or politruk, a portmanteau from Russian: политический руководитель, pronounced politicheskiy rukovoditel, translated "political leader", "political official"), is a supervisory officer responsible for the political education (ideology) and organization of the unit they are assigned to, and intended to ensure civilian control of the military. WikiMatrix. political commissar (within the army) Example sentences with "political commissar (within the army)", translation memory. Many men killed their commisars in ww2. ‘First, none of the top party leaders has any military background or connections, whereas none of the senior military commanders and political commissars has any experience in party politics.’. What is commissar? political commissar vertaling in het woordenboek Engels - Nederlands op Glosbe, online woordenboek, gratis. noun. At the end of 1944 more than 1,100 full-time and about 47,000 part-time instructors had been trained under the overall control of General Hermann Reinecke, commander of the National Socialist leadership staff at the OKW. (5) In time of war the political imperatives of the commissar might become subordinated to the professional needs of the field commander, but the concession was only temporary. These were almost invariably tasked to make sure the communist partyof the respective country could count on the loyalty of the Army. Find out information about political commissar. Top synonyms for commissar (other words for commissar) are commissioner, chief and superintendent. political positions definition in English dictionary, political positions meaning, synonyms, see also 'political economy',political prisoner',political science',political commissar'. Commissar (or sometimes Kommissar) is an English transliteration of the Russian комиссáр (komissar), which means "commissary".In English, the transliteration "commissar" often refers specifically to the political commissars of Soviet and Eastern-bloc armies or to the people's commissars (effectively government ministers), while administrative officers are called "commissaries". ISBN 9780813168043. These events derived from the political purges that began in the Soviet armed forces. Last 10 years The commissar had an influential role as a "second commander" within the military units during this time. What does PC stand for? On 10 May 1937 the political commissar was reinstated to the Red Army, and Military Councils were created. Meaning of commissar. ... military forces during the Russian Civil War and with the later terms People's Commissar for government ministers and political commissar in the military. the absence of major political parties (e.g. Below you will find example usage of this term as found in modern and/or classical literature: 1. Usually, the political commissar is a uniformed military officer, although this position has been used to give civilian party officials some experience with the military. The Commissar Order (German: Kommissarbefehl) was an order issued by the German High Command on 6 June 1941 before Operation Barbarossa.Its official name was Guidelines for the Treatment of Political Commissars (Richtlinien für die Behandlung politischer Kommissare).It instructed the Wehrmacht that any Soviet political commissar identified among captured troops be summarily … Wellicht vind je het woord op één van deze websites: Chiang Ching-kuo, appointed as Kuomintang (Chinese Nationalist Party) director of Secret Police in 1950, was educated in the Soviet Union, and initiated Soviet style military organization in the Republic of China Military, reorganizing and Sovietizing the political officer corps, surveillance, and Kuomintang party activities were propagated throughout the military. Today the political commissar is largely responsible for administrative tasks such as public relations and counseling, and mainly serves as second-in-command. an official of the Communist Party responsible for political education, esp in a military unit. Top synonym for commissar (another word for commissar) is commissioner. They all had party members and sympathizers among the military, and tried to use that to benefit their viewpoint. political commissar: 1 n an official of the Communist Party who was assigned to teach party principles to a military unit Synonyms: commissar Type of: functionary , official a … Revolutionary Military Councils (or Revvoyensoviets, RVS) were established at army-, front-, fleet-, and flotilla-level, comprising at least three members—commander and two political workers. commissar. Information about political commissar in the AudioEnglish.org dictionary, synonyms and antonyms. COM Chapter 117 high libido meaning Wang Yafang drove the car briskly, along the Charles River, sometimes saw a few red lights swaying, sometimes through a small residential area with a small garden, accidentally floating soft and clear piano sound. Meaning of political commissar. Hitler's Wehrmacht, 1935-1945. Collins English Dictionary. The term "commissar" itself was formally abolished in August 1942, and at the company- and regiment-level, the pompolit officer was replaced with the zampolit (deputy for political matters). All the latest wordy news, linguistic insights, offers and competitions every month. Political commissars - definition of political commissars by The Free Dictionary. Translated by Ancker, Janice W. University Press of Kentucky. Our new online dictionaries for schools provide a safe and appropriate environment for children. 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political commissar meaning 2021